The Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice

Advancing Milton and Rose D. Friedman's Vision of School Choice for All Children

School Choice in Maryland

Summary

Maryland does not have a private school choice program. The state does have a charter school law. Maryland allows for limited public virtual schooling. Maryland does not allow open enrollment (intradistrict and interdistrict public school choice).

Laws and Regulations Governing Private Schools

Constitutionality

Both tax credit and voucher programs are school choice options for Maryland. The Maryland Constitution does not contain a Blaine Amendment and Maryland courts have a long tradition of reading its Compelled Support Clause narrowly. The Maryland Court of Appeals has upheld the constitutionality of transporting private school students at public expense and of contracting with religious institutions for the education of state wards. In more recent decisions, the court has noted that even direct grants to private educational institutions are acceptable when the state has not attempted to provide universal education at that level.

Vouchers, which provide money directly to students and parents and only incidentally benefit the schools they choose to attend, are therefore likely to survive constitutional scrutiny.

–Quote from the Institute for Justice (April 2007)

Research

Tax-Credit Scholarships in Maryland: Forecasting the Fiscal Impact

5/17/2010

This study seeks to inform the debate over a proposal in Maryland to give tax credits to businesses for contributions to organizations that provide scholarships to K-12 private schools or which contribute to innovative educational programs in the public... Read More

Tax-Credit Scholarships in Maryland: Forecasting the Fiscal Impact

5/17/2010

This study seeks to inform the debate over a proposal in Maryland to give tax credits to businesses for contributions to organizations that provide scholarships to K-12 private schools or which contribute to innovative educational programs in the public... Read More

The Formula Behind Maryland’s K-12 Funding

11/13/2008

This report describes Maryland’s current system of school finance, provides data describing large increases in funding for K-12 education that have occurred since the passage of the 2002 Bridge Act, and offers the recommendation to make... Read More

The High Cost of Maryland’s Dropout Rate

9/30/2008

This study documents the public costs of high school dropouts in Maryland. We examine how Maryland’s decreasing graduation rates are materially affecting the state’s finances through reduced tax revenues, increased Medicaid costs and higher... Read More

A School Voucher Program for Baltimore City

1/1/2005

This study analyzes the fiscal effect of a proposal to offer $7,000 vouchers to Baltimore students. It finds that since Baltimore schools spend over $8,900 per student, the voucher program would save $9 million annually for every 1,000 participants. Read More

 

News

2/28/2011 Why 2011 will be a Year of Growth for School Choice
1/18/2011 Baltimore Sun | Maryland's secret education spending spree
9/2/2010 Buwalda | Dale Buwalda on the Tom Marr Show (09-02-2010)
5/17/2010 BOAST Tax Credit Could Save Maryland Taxpayers $267 Million
11/13/2009 Enlow | No more half-measures
12/1/2008 Support for Educational Choice Is Strong in Maryland, Poll Shows
11/13/2008 Thornton Commission legislation seen as starting point for new funding reforms for Maryland schools
9/30/2008 Study finds Maryland dropouts take huge fiscal toll on state revenues, taxpayers
5/18/2006 Maryland group wins national grant for work on education