The Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice

Advancing Milton and Rose D. Friedman's Vision of School Choice for All Children

School Choice in Ohio


Ohio has five private school choice programs (vouchers). The state also has a charter school law. Ohio enables public virtual schooling. Limited open enrollment exists, both for intradistrict and interdistrict public school choice.

Laws and Regulations Governing Private Schools


Both tax credit and voucher programs are school choice options for Ohio. The Ohio Supreme Court upheld Cleveland’s voucher program under both the state and federal constitutions, and the Ohio Legislature has since enacted two more voucher programs, one for children with autism and another for children in failing public schools.

–Quote from the Institute for Justice (April 2007)

School Choice Programs

Income-Based Scholarship Program

Enacted 2013 • Launched 2013

Income-qualified Ohio kindergartners are eligible for vouchers to attend private schools, provided they are not otherwise eligible for a voucher in Ohio. In future years of the program, the next grade higher will be added each subsequent year. Read More

Jon Peterson Special Needs Scholarship Program

Enacted 2011 • Launched 2012

Ohio parents of children with special needs enrolled in public schools are able to receive vouchers to pay for private school tuition and additional services at private therapists and other service providers. Vouchers can be used at public providers... Read More

Educational Choice Scholarship Program

Enacted 2005 • Launched 2006

Ohio students attending chronically low-performing public schools are eligible for “EdChoice” vouchers to attend private schools. The cap on available vouchers is 60,000. Read More

Autism Scholarship Program

Enacted 2003 • Launched 2004

Ohio students on the autism spectrum may receive vouchers for education services from a private provider, including tuition at a private school. After participating students receive education services, they apply to the state for reimbursement of... Read More

Cleveland Scholarship & Tutoring Program

Enacted 1995 • Launched 1996

Parents in the Cleveland Metropolitan School District can receive vouchers to send their children to private school or public schools bordering the school district. No more than half of new recipients may be students previously enrolled in private... Read More


Exploring Ohio's Private Education Sector


Exploring Ohio’s Private Education Sector is the second entry in the Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice’s School Survey Series. This report synthesizes information on Ohio’s private schools collected by the U.S. Department of... Read More

The School Starter Checklist: Meeting the Private Education Regulations in States with School Choice


Entrepreneurs looking to start a private school might behoove themselves by focusing on states with private school choice programs. This checklist assists by examining the regulations affecting private schools in states with such programs.   This... Read More

The School Voucher Audit: Do Publicly Funded Private School Choice Programs Save Money?


One of the pillars of Dr. Milton Friedman’s school voucher idea was that it not only would expand personal freedom and improve student achievement but also save money.   To see if that is indeed the case, this paper presents a cautious,... Read More

Public Rules on Private Schools: Measuring the Regulatory Impact of State Statutes and School Choice Programs


Is regulatory creep a fate that awaits all school choice programs? With the number of those programs doubling over the past five years, the need for context and understanding is critical.   This report provides a framework for understanding the... Read More

The Empirical Evidence on Cleveland's School Vouchers


The city of Cleveland has long been at the forefront of school choice discussions. In 2002, a U.S. Supreme Court decision on Cleveland’s publicly funded voucher program, known as the Cleveland Scholarship and Tutoring Program (CSTP), resulted in... Read More

The Greenfield School Revolution and School Choice


The recent explosion of educational innovation has focused primarily on creating wholly new models of what a school can be. From KIPP to Carpe Diem, education is entering a revolutionary period driven by the reinvention of the entire school rather than... Read More

Lessons for Ohio from Florida’s K-12 Education Revolution


Jeb Bush campaigned for governor on a clear and bracing set of education reforms in 1998. Having won office, he immediately pursued a dual-track strategy for reforming Florida’s K-12 education system: standards and accountability for public... Read More

Ohio teacher contracts: The black hole of school spending


In this report the Education Action Group Foundation takes a look at budget shortfalls in a number southwestern Ohio school districts. The report makes recommendations on ways these districts might avoid the step of raising taxes by create savings or... Read More

Promising Start - An Empirical Analysis of How EdChoice Vouchers Affect Ohio Public Schools


This is the first empirical study to examine the effects of Ohio’s EdChoice voucher program. Using publicly available data, it measures the program’s effect on academic outcomes in public schools where students are eligible for vouchers.... Read More

Segregation Levels in Cleveland Public Schools and the Cleveland Voucher Program


This study compares segregation levels in Cleveland public schools and in private schools participating in the Cleveland voucher program. Using a segregation index that measures the difference between the percent of students in a school who are white and... Read More



9/30/2014 New report shows school vouchers saved $1.7 billion during first two decades
4/15/2014 Breaking the ice for a growing school choice plan to bloom
8/19/2013 Washington Times | Five cheers for choice
8/15/2013 Sharing your story in “The ABCs” can be as easy as one, two, three
8/6/2013 Stateline | Tax Dollars for Private School Tuition Gain in States
6/30/2013 Ohio governor signs statewide voucher expansion for low-income students
6/27/2013 Ohio House, Senate approve vouchers for low-income students
3/27/2013 President's Comments: Milton Friedman’s Advice for Crafting School Choice Policies
1/31/2013 National School Choice Group Applauds Kasich Education Reforms
10/12/2012 | Can Education Savings Accounts Level The Playing Field For All American Students?
9/18/2012 Enlow | Families Want School Choice; N.C. Should Give it to Them
5/10/2012 Hiner and Ford | Moms Believe in Vouchers
5/9/2012 Washington Times | Majority of Moms Vouch for Vouchers
4/6/2012 AP | School Vouchers Spark Growing Court Fights in US
10/28/2011 State Impact | OK, Maybe Closing the Achievement Gap is a Big Deal
10/26/2011 New Study: Ohio Poised for Florida-Style Education Gains
10/19/2011 WXIX | Ex-Ind. Democratic Leader St. Angelo Dies at 84
9/30/2011 2011’s New School Choice Programs
9/1/2011 Chicago Tribune | Idolizing Indiana
8/19/2011 Yahoo! | Indiana School Voucher Program Facing Lawsuit
8/2/2011 AP | School Voucher Bills Flood GOP-led Statehouses
7/30/2011 Enlow | Friedman's Dream Unleashed
7/28/2011 Enlow | Is 2011 Milton Friedman's Year of School Choice?
7/18/2011 WORLD | School Choice Gains Support
7/5/2011 Wall Street Journal | The Year of School Choice
6/30/2011 Ohio’s Dramatic Expansion of School Choice Praised by Nation’s Original Voucher Organization
6/28/2011 Presidents Comments
5/27/2011 Reed | Jeff Reed on WSPD's Brian Wilson and the Afternoon Drive
5/16/2011 Reed | Indiana Lures, Keeps Residents With School Choice
5/6/2011 NPR | School Voucher Debate Heats Back Up
4/28/2011 Washington Times | States Leaving Feds Behind on School Reforms
4/19/2011 USA Today | Why School Vouchers are Worth a Shot
4/15/2011 New York Times | Budget Deal Fuels Revival of School Vouchers
2/28/2011 Indianapolis Star | Will state's top court settle school vouchers?
2/28/2011 Mother Jailed for Pursuing Better Education for Daughters
2/28/2011 Why 2011 will be a Year of Growth for School Choice
2/23/2011 Enlow | Do Striking Teachers Think of Kids?
2/3/2011 Washington Times | School choice is remedy for destitute states
2/2/2011 Enlow | Educational Freedom, Not Jail for Ohio Parents
9/5/2008 Some Empirically Proven Value in School Choice
8/20/2008 Study finds EdChoice Program spurs public school improvements
2/20/2007 Education: past failures, future needs
10/3/2006 New report finds school vouchers provide less segregated schools
6/30/2005 Ohio Gov. signs budget creating statewide school voucher program
4/15/2005 Expansion of school choice clears the Ohio House
6/27/2002 Supreme Court Validate Vouchers
9/4/2001 Cleveland Study Validates Competition as a Tool for School Reform
2/5/2001 Supreme Court Will Hear Cleveland Voucher Program Case
12/11/2000 U.S. 6th District Court of Appeals Strikes Down Cleveland Voucher Program 2-1