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School Choice

School Choice in America

More than half of U.S. states offer school choice programs.

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Customize your results by filtering the school choice program types you’re interested in learning more about: school vouchers, education savings accounts, tax-credit scholarships, and individual tax credits and deductions.

School Choice By State

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Get participation, eligibility, and funding data for America’s school choice programs

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Remember, you can scroll down to download your results and click into each program for a detailed breakdown.

  • Show All Programs
State Program Type Program Name Participation Participation Rate Eligibility Eligibility Rate Average Funding Public Funding
AL Tax-Credit Scholarship Alabama – Education Scholarship Program 3,701* 1% 276,156 57% $6,094† 70%
AZ Tax-Credit Scholarship Arizona – Original Individual Income Tax Credit Scholarship Program 27,362 4% 658,513 100% $1,853 26%
AZ Tax-Credit Scholarship Arizona – Low-Income Corporate Income Tax Credit Scholarship Program 13,118 4% 352,135 53% $1,869 26%
AZ Tax-Credit Scholarship Arizona – Lexie’s Law for Disabled and Displaced Students Tax Credit Scholarship Program 349 <1% 131,863 12% $4,648 64%
AZ Education Savings Account Arizona – Empowerment Scholarship Accounts 2,505* 1% 253,234 22% $11,434† 159%
AZ Tax-Credit Scholarship Arizona – “Switcher” Individual Income Tax Credit Scholarship Program 13,548 1% 1,135,950 100% $1,339 19%
AR Voucher Arkansas – Succeed Scholarship Program for Students with Disabilities N.A. N.A. 65,166 13% $6,584 70%
CO Voucher Colorado – Douglas County Choice Scholarship Program 494 1% 64,421 95% $4,572 53%
DC Voucher District of Columbia – Opportunity Scholarship Program 1,259 7% 17,198 35% $8,712 49%
FL Voucher Florida – John M. McKay Scholarships for Students with Disabilities Program 30,553* 8% 383,612 13% $7,069† 84%
FL Tax-Credit Scholarship Florida Tax Credit Scholarship Program 78,353* 13% 615,086 35% $5,367† 64%
FL Education Savings Account Florida – Gardiner Scholarship Program 4,080 1% 355,242 12% $10,716† 127%
GA Voucher Georgia Special Needs Scholarship Program 3,811 2% 193,952 11% $5,396 59%
GA Tax-Credit Scholarship Georgia – Qualified Education Expense Tax Credit 12,917 1% 1,671,348 94% $3,425 38%
IL Individual Tax Credit/Deduction Illinois – Tax Credits for Educational Expenses 302,855 22% 1,353,296 100% $271 2%
IN Tax-Credit Scholarship Indiana – School Scholarship Tax Credit 9,127 2% 369,162 52% $1,361 14%
IN Voucher Indiana – Choice Scholarship Program 32,686 5% 671,255 59% $3,867 40%
IN Individual Tax Credit/Deduction Indiana – Private School/Homeschool Deduction 52,149 47% 111,872 10% $1,776 19%
IA Individual Tax Credit/Deduction Iowa – Tuition and Textbook Tax Credit 136,937 40% 349,168 100% $111 1%
IA Tax-Credit Scholarship Iowa – School Tuition Organization Tax Credit 10,848 8% 125,472 36% $1,624 16%
KS Tax-Credit Scholarship Kansas – Tax Credit for Low Income Students Scholarship Program 73 <1% 109,764 22% $1,485 15%
LA Voucher Louisiana Scholarship Program 7,110 5% 155,696 20% $5,856 56%
LA Individual Tax Credit/Deduction Louisiana – Elementary and Secondary School Tuition Deduction 106,549 95% 112,645 14% $4,060 36%
LA Voucher Louisiana – School Choice Program for Certain Students with Exceptionalities 342 2% 19,127 7% $2,264 22%
LA Tax-Credit Scholarship Louisiana – Tuition Donation Rebate Program 776 <1% 205,590 44% $4,241 40%
ME Voucher Maine – Town Tuitioning Program 5,559 100% 5,559 3% $10,339‡ 85%
MN Individual Tax Credit/Deduction Minnesota – Education Deduction 219,914 36% 604,987 100% $1,168 11%
MN Individual Tax Credit/Deduction Minnesota – K–12 Education Credit 53,712 42% 128,589 21% $272 2%
MS Voucher Mississippi Dyslexia Therapy Scholarship for Students with Dyslexia Program 148 1% 12,289 2% $4,918 60%
MS Voucher Mississippi – Nate Rogers Scholarship for Students with Disabilities Program 1 <1% 13,617 3% $3,556 44%
MS Education Savings Account Mississippi – Equal Opportunity for Students with Special Needs Program 286 <1% 65,806 13% $6,500 80%
NV Tax-Credit Scholarship Nevada – Educational Choice Scholarship Program N.A. N.A. 149,277 54% $7,755‡ 93%
NH Tax-Credit Scholarship New Hampshire – Education Tax Credit Program 128 <1% 41,326 30% $1,527 11%
NC Voucher North Carolina – Special Education Scholarship Grants for Children with Disabilities 611 <1% 193,699 12% $5,070 60%
NC Voucher North Carolina – Opportunity Scholarships 3,595* 1% 451,158 43% $3,585† 43%
OH Voucher Ohio – Cleveland Scholarship Program 8,008 17% 47,050 100% $3,101 28%
OH Voucher Ohio – Autism Scholarship Program 3,193 14% 22,444 1% $20,279 181%
OH Voucher Ohio – Educational Choice Scholarship Program 21,556 11% 189,413 10% $4,257 38%
OH Voucher Ohio – Jon Peterson Special Needs Scholarship Program 6,904 3% 256,672 14% $9,794 87%
OH Voucher Ohio – Income-Based Scholarship Program 5,718 1% 732,384 60% $3,761 34%
OK Voucher Oklahoma – Lindsey Nicole Henry Scholarships for Students with Disabilities 377 <1% 103,432 16% $6,632 86%
OK Tax-Credit Scholarship Oklahoma Equal Opportunity Education Scholarships 904 <1% 329,157 79% $1,129 15%
PA Tax-Credit Scholarship Pennsylvania – Educational Improvement Tax Credit Program 34,826 5% 686,327 54% $1,587 11%
PA Tax-Credit Scholarship Pennsylvania – Opportunity Scholarship Tax Credit Program 14,987 11% 138,438 7% $2,312 17%
RI Tax-Credit Scholarship Rhode Island – Tax Credits for Contributions to Scholarship Organizations 503 1% 41,620 38% $3,024 21%
SC Tax-Credit Scholarship South Carolina – Educational Credit for Exceptional Needs Children 2,100 2% 99,984 13% $4,078 43%
UT Voucher Utah – Carson Smith Special Needs Scholarship Program 700 1% 76,105 12% $5,342 82%
VT Voucher Vermont – Town Tuitioning Program 3,585 100% 3,585 4% $14,681 90%
VA Tax-Credit Scholarship Virginia – Education Improvement Scholarships Tax Credits Program 1,368 <1% 298,808 33% $2,535 23%
WI Voucher Wisconsin – Milwaukee Parental Choice Program 27,619 59% 46,743 68% $7,366 67%
WI Voucher Wisconsin – Parental Private School Choice Program (Racine) 2,127 30% 7,038 45% $7,324 66%
WI Voucher Wisconsin – Parental Choice Program (Statewide) 2,514 65% 3,894 16% $7,388 67%
WI Individual Tax Credit/Deduction Wisconsin – K–12 Private School Tuition Deduction 39,500 35% 112,025 12% $309 3%
AL Individual Tax Credit/Deduction Alabama – Accountability Act of 2013 Parent-Taxpayer Refundable Tax Credits 88 <1% 24,624 3% $2,037 23%
MT Tax-Credit Scholarship Montana – Tax Credits for Contributions to Student Scholarship Organizations N.A. N.A. 151,250 100% $5,209‡ 30%
NV Education Savings Account Nevada – Education Savings Accounts N.A. N.A. 446,299 96% $5,139 62%
TN Education Savings Account Tennessee – Individualized Education Account Program N.A. N.A. 17,386 2% $6,200† 76%
SC Individual Tax Credit/Deduction South Carolina – Refundable Educational Credit for Exceptional Needs Children N.A. N.A. 98,929 13% $10,000‡ 105%
WI Voucher Wisconsin – Special Needs Scholarship Program N.A. N.A. 122,654 13% $12,000 108%
SD Tax-Credit Scholarship South Dakota – Partners in Education Tax Credit Program N.A. N.A. 39% N.A. N.A. N.A.
MD Voucher Maryland – Broadening Options and Opportunities for Students Today (BOOST) Program N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.

* Partial Data

† Projected Amount

‡ Maximum Amount

 

Suggested Citation

“School Choice in America,” Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice, last modified June 10, 2016, http://www.edchoice.org/school-choice/school-choice-in-america.

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