U.S. States Ranked by Educational Choice Share, 2020 - EdChoice

U.S. States Ranked by Educational Choice Share, 2020

Where are America’s students getting their education? Which types of schools and educational settings are they choosing?

END OF Q1 UPDATE: Participation data updates were made for programs in D.C., Florida, Kansas, Louisiana, Maryland, North Carolina, Rhode Island, and South Dakota. Only the percentage for Florida changed in the table based on those updates. At the beginning of the year when I planned making updates to this post at the end of Q1, Q2, and Q3, I anticipated multiple state departments posting updated data in February and March, like they’ve done in the past. The National Center for Education Statistics released the 201819 Common Core of Data Files, and the public district school enrollment data is now for 201819. This changed the EdChoice Share for Arizona, Wisconsin, Indiana, Vermont, Ohio, Maine, Iowa, D.C., and Rhode Island and changed the national level percentages.

This fourth annual post coins the term Educational Choice Share (or EdChoice Share) to represent the proportion of all K–12 students who are enrolled in an education savings account, school voucher or tax-credit scholarship program.

To get this number, I divided the total number of a state’s educational choice program participants by the total number of K–12 students in the state. Not all program data is reported for the most recent school year, so I am carrying forward the last available participation data for programs that don’t have 2019–20 data.

Second, this post not only ranks the states by highest and lowest EdChoice Share, but also it provides a state-by-state breakdown of public district school share, charter school share, home school share and “out of pocket” private school share—which we describe as “by other means” or “Other Private School Share.”

The charter school enrollment data is for 2016–17 and the public district school enrollment data (total public minus charter)**, private school enrollment data* and homeschooler estimates are for 2017–18.

*New Mexico private school enrollment data did not meet the USDOE’s reporting standards in 2017–18 so I used the 2015–16 private school enrollment data instead for that state.

**Public district school enrollment data is now for 2018–19.

Why do we care about this?

Data from our 2019 national poll shows American parents—for myriad reasons—are not able to access the types of schools they would prefer for their children.

 

 

If our K–12 education system is innovating and finding ways to better serve students and their families, then—as years pass—we would expect the numbers below to begin looking more and more like the chart above.

 

On a national level:

0.9 percent of students are utilizing an educational choice program

7.6 percent attend private school by other means

83.6 percent attend a public district school

5.3 percent attend a charter school, and

2.6 percent are homeschooled.

 

On a state level:

StateNumber of ProgramsEdChoice ShareOther Private School SharePublic District School ShareCharter School ShareHome School Share
Arizona55.6%<1%78.3%15.2%2.6%
Florida54.9%7.1%76.8%8.5%2.7%
Wisconsin54.3%8.8%80.4%4.4%2.1%
Indiana33.8%6.7%
83.4%
3.5%
2.5%
Vermont13.7%4.9%89.1%-2.3%
Ohio52.9%8.0%
81.5%
6.0%
1.6%
Maine12.7%5.7%
88.1%
1.0%
2.6%
Pennsylvania22.6%
9.6%
78.7%
6.6%
2.6%
Iowa21.9%
6.0%
89.6%0.1%
2.5%
District of Columbia11.7%
11.1%
49.4%
35.8%
2.1%
Louisiana41.1%
14.0%
74.1%9.3%
1.6%
Georgia21.0%
6.0%
86.4%
3.4%
3.3%
North Carolina30.8%
5.3%
81.2%
5.1%
7.6%
South Dakota10.5%
6.1%
90.3%
-3.0%
Alabama20.5%
6.9%
90.0%
-2.6%
Oklahoma20.5%
3.1%
90.6%
3.3%
2.5%
South Carolina2
0.3%
5.5%
87.8%
3.8%
2.6%
Illinois2
0.3%
9.2%85.0%
2.9%
2.5%
Virginia10.3%
7.0%
90.0%
<0.1%
2.6%
Rhode Island10.3%
9.8%82.4%5.0%
2.5%
Maryland10.3%
12.4%
82.8%2.1%
2.5%
Nevada10.3%
3.7%85.9%
7.6%
2.5%
New Hampshire20.2%
12.0%83.7%
1.6%
2.5%
Utah10.2%
2.5%
84.8%
10.0%
2.5%
Mississippi30.1%
7.7%
89.3%
-2.7%
Kansas1<0.1%
7.0%
89.8%
0.6%
2.5%
Arkansas1<0.1%
4.5%
86.7%5.2%
3.6%
Montana1<0.1%
5.2%
91.5%
-3.3%
Tennessee2<0.1%
7.6%
86.6%
3.1%
2.6%
Minnesota2Not Available11.1%
81.7%
5.3%
1.9%
Delaware0-13.8%
75.4%
9.0%
1.8%
Hawaii0-16.6%
76.1%
4.8%2.6%
New York0-13.1%
80.4%
4.0%
2.5%
California0-8.0%
81.0%
8.6%
2.4%
Michigan0-7.6%
81.8%
8.8%
2.6%
Colorado0-4.4%
82.9%
11.9%
0.7%
New Jersey0-11.1%
83.7%
2.9%
2.4%
Missouri0-11.0%
85.4%
2.2%
2.6%
Oregon0-6.5%
85.4%4.8%
3.4%
Massachusetts0-10.0%
84.5%
4.0%
0.7%
Nebraska0-12.1%
85.5%
-2.4%
Idaho0-5.0%
86.3%
6.1%
2.6%
Connecticut0-9.5%
86.4%
1.6%
2.5%
New Mexico0-5.5%
87.3%
7.1%
<0.1%
Texas0-4.8%87.5%
5.3%
2.4%
Kentucky0-9.7%87.8%
-2.5%
Alaska0-2.5%
90.1%
4.8%
2.5%
North Dakota0-6.2%
91.4%
-2.4%
Washington0-6.7%
91.4%
-1.7%
West Virginia0-4.4%
93.1%
-2.5%
Wyoming0-1.6%
95.2%0.5%
2.7%

Notes: I did not include U.S. territories. I did not include data on individual tax credit or deduction programs, unless it was a refundable credit, which is why Minnesota’s EdChoice Share is Not Available. I assumed 20 percent of tax-credit scholarships went to multi-scholarship students in Arizona.

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