School Staffing

Learn the fiscal and opportunity costs of American K–12 education hiring practices.

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Sources: Data reported annually by state education departments to the National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education and obtained from Digest of Education Statistics and the Elementary/Secondary Information System.

Notes: Nominal dollars for FY 1992 are converted to Real 2017 and 2019 dollars using the CPI-U for January 1992,  January 2017,and January 2019 from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics,  www.bls.gov.

State ACTUAL Per-student spending, FY 1992 REAL Per-student spending, FY 1992 ACTUAL Per-student spending, FY 2017 ACTUAL Average Teacher Salary, FY 1992 REAL Average Teacher Salary, FY 1992 ACTUAL Average Teacher Salary, FY 2019 Change in per-student spending Change in avg teacher salaries Students, FY 1992 Students, FY 2019 Change in students', 1992-2019 All staff, FY 1992 All staff, FY 2019 Chg in all staff, 1992-2019 Teachers, FY 1992 Teachers, FY 2019 Chg in teachers, 1992-2019 All other staff, FY 1992 All other staff, FY 2019 Chg in all other staff, 1992-2019 Total savings (if "changes in all other staff" matched "changes in students" assuming average compensation at $70,000 per full-time employee) Potential teacher pay raises (if "changes in all other staff" matched "changes in students") Number of students who can receive $8,000 ESAs (if "changes in all other staff" matched "changes in students")