America's School Choice Programs Ranked by Participation, 2018 Edition

America’s School Choice Programs Ranked by Participation, 2018 Edition

Which of America’s school choice programs has the most students participating? What about the least? The 2018 edition of The ABCs of School Choice  gives the most up-to-date information we have on program participation. In this post we rank the programs by how many participants they have, based on the most recent data available for each program at the time of this writing. Last year’s rankings are in parentheses following each program name.

While participation is an important factor in analyzing school choice systems, program design is an equally-key point. Most of the Top 5 programs ranked below offer families tax relief for private school tuition, but such programs often fail to provide immediate financial support to families of all income levels. Education savings accounts (ESAs), vouchers and tax-credit scholarships have the ability to provide families with the needed flexibility and funding to meet their children’s educational needs. Eligibility, regulations and funding play important roles in how people and schools interact with school choice programs.

Stay tuned to our blog this week for more rankings and our annual superlatives post, where we assess programs holistically and provide our readers states to watch in 2018.

1. Illinois’s Tax Credits for Educational Expenses (1)
Individual Tax Credit305,822 tax returns

2. Minnesota’s Education Deduction (2)
Individual Tax Deduction212,731 tax returns

3. Iowa’s Tuition and Textbook Tax Credit (3)
Individual Tax Credit133,122 tax returns

4. Florida Tax Credit Scholarship Program (4)
Tax-Credit Scholarship |106,958 students

5. Louisiana’s Elementary & Secondary School Tuition Deduction (5)
Individual Tax Deduction106,549 tax returns

6. Indiana’s Private School/Homeschool Deduction (6)
Individual Tax Deduction54,755 tax returns

7. Minnesota’s K–12 Education Credit (7)
Individual Tax Credit49,952 tax returns

8. Wisconsin’s K–12 Private School Tuition Deduction (8)
Individual Tax Deduction38,170 tax returns

9. Indiana’s Choice Scholarship Program (10)
Voucher |34,299 students

10. Arizona’s Original Individual Income Tax Credit Scholarship Program (12)
Tax-Credit Scholarship |31,578 scholarships

11. Pennsylvania’s Educational Improvement Tax Credit Program (9)
Tax-Credit Scholarship |30,469 scholarships

12. Florida’s John M. McKay Scholarship for Students with Disabilities Program (11)
Voucher29,582 students

13. Wisconsin’s Milwaukee Parental Choice Program (13)
Voucher |28,702 students

14. Ohio’s Educational Choice Scholarship Program (14)
Voucher21,846 students

15. Arizona’s “Switcher” Individual Income Tax Credit Scholarship Program (16)
Tax-Credit Scholarship |20,976 scholarships

16. Arizona’s Low-Income Corporate Income Tax Credit Scholarship Program (15)
Tax-Credit Scholarship20,076 scholarships

17. Georgia’s Qualified Educational Expense Tax Credit (18)
Tax-Credit Scholarship |13,600 scholarships

18. Pennsylvania’s Opportunity Scholarship Tax Credit Program (17)
Tax-Credit Scholarship11,417 scholarships

19. Iowa’s School Tuition Organization Tax Credit (19)
Tax-Credit Scholarship |10,771 scholarships

20. Florida’s Gardiner Scholarships (23)
ESA |10,531 students

21. Indiana’s School Scholarship Tax Credit (20)
Tax-Credit Scholarship |8,501 scholarships

22. Ohio’s Cleveland Scholarship Program (21)
Voucher |8,004 students

23. Ohio’s Income-Based Scholarship Program (22)
Voucher7,581 students

24. Louisiana Scholarship Program (24)
Voucher |6,995 students

25. North Carolina’s Opportunity Scholarships (26)
Voucher |6,452 students

26. Maine’s Town Tuitioning Program (25)
Voucher |5,727 students

27. Ohio’s Jon Peterson Special Needs Scholarship Program (27)
Voucher |4,930 students

28. Wisconsin’s Parental Choice Program (Statewide) (33)
Voucher |4,540 students

29. Arizona’s Empowerment Scholarship Accounts (32)
ESA |4,525 students

30.Georgia Special Needs Scholarship Program (28)
Voucher |4,194 students

31. Ohio’s Autism Scholarship (31)
Voucher |3,522 students

32. Vermont’s Town Tuitioning Program (30)
Voucher |3,350 students

33. Virginia’s Education Improvement Scholarships Tax Credits Program (36)
Tax-Credit Scholarship |3,433 students

34. Alabama’s Education Scholarship Program (29)
Tax-Credit Scholarship |3,339 students

35. Wisconsin’s Parental Private School Choice Program (Racine) (34)
Voucher |3,007 students

36. Maryland’s Broadening Options and Opportunities for Students Today (BOOST) Program (35)
Voucher2,659 students

37. Oklahoma Equal Opportunity Education Scholarships (38)
Tax-Credit Scholarship|2,209 students

38. South Carolina’s Educational Credit for Exceptional Needs Children (37)
Tax-Credit Scholarship |1,951 students

39. Nevada’s Educational Choice Scholarship Program (45)
Tax-Credit Scholarship1,692 scholarships

40. Louisiana’s Tuition Donation Credit Program (43)
Tax-Credit Scholarship |1,688 students

41. North Carolina’s Special Education Scholarship Grants for Children with Disabilities (41)
Voucher |1,323 students

42. Washington D.C.’s Opportunity Scholarships Program (39)
Voucher |1,154 students

43. Arizona’s Lexie’s Law for Disabled and Displaced Students Tax Credit Scholarship Program (42)
Tax-Credit Scholarships |936 scholarships

44. Utah’s Carson Smith Special Needs Scholarship (40)
Voucher |882 students

45. Oklahoma’s Lindsey Nicole Henry Scholarships for Students with Disabilities (45)
Voucher |669 students

46. Rhode Island’s Tax Credits for Contributions to Scholarship Organizations (46)
Tax-Credit Scholarship |415 students

47. Louisiana’s School Choice Program for Certain Students with Exceptionalities (47)
Voucher |336 students

48. New Hampshire’s Education Tax Credit Program (52)
Tax-Credit Scholarship |332 students

49. South Dakota’s Partners in Education Tax Credit Program (48)
Tax-Credit Scholarship |295 students

50. Wisconsin’s Special Needs Scholarship Program (49)
Voucher246 students

51. Mississippi’s Equal Opportunity for Students with Special Needs Program (50)
ESA |202 students

52. Kansas’s Tax Credit for Low Income Students Scholarship Program (51)
Tax-Credit Scholarship |292 students

53. Mississippi Dyslexia Therapy Scholarship for Students with Dyslexia Program (53)
Voucher |165 students

54. Arkansas’s Succeed Scholarship Program for Students with Disabilities (56)
Voucher151 students

55.Alabama’s Accountability Act of 2013 Parent/Taxpayer Refundable Tax Credits (54)
Individual Tax Credit122 tax returns

56.Tennessee’s Individualized Education Account Program (NR)
ESA47 students

57. Montana’s Tax Credits for Contributions to Student Scholarship Organizations (55)
Tax-Credit Scholarship25 students

58. Mississippi’s Nate Rogers Scholarship for Students with Disabilities Program (57)
Voucher |0 students

NR. South Carolina’s Refundable Educational Credit for Exceptional Needs Children (NR)
Individual Tax CreditData not reported

NR. Nevada’s Education Savings Account (NR)
ESANot yet operating

NR. New Hampshire’s Town Tuitioning Program (NR)
ESAFirst-year data not yet reported

NR. Illinois’s Invest in Kids Program (NEW)
Tax-Credit ScholarshipLaunches 2018

NR. North Carolina’s Personal Education Savings Account (NEW)
ESALaunches 2018

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