K–12 Education Credit
- Individual Tax Credit/Deduction
- Enacted 1997
- Launched 1998
Minnesota provides a tax credit covering educational expenses—including tutoring, educational after-school programs and books—for students in any public, private or home school, including in North Dakota, South Dakota, Iowa, or Wisconsin. Learn more about this program, including the value of the tax credit and student eligibility on this page.
We do not administer this program.
Participating Taxpayers (2020)
of Families with Children Income-eligible Statewide
Average Tax Credit Value (2020)
Value as a Percentage of Public School Per-student Spending
Minnesota’s K–12 Education Credit Participation
The tax credit is worth 75 percent of the amount spent on educational expenses other than tuition. The maximum credit amount that a family may claim is equal to $1,000 per child in the family. The tax credit reduces the family’s total tax liability and covers books, tutors, academic after-school programs and other non-tuition educational expenses.
The refundable tax credit is phased out for taxpayers who earn more than $33,500. For families with one child, the maximum allowable credit is reduced by $1 for every $4 of income above $33,500, and the family may not claim the credit at all if its income is above $37,500. For families with two children, the maximum allowable credit is reduced by $2 for every $4 of income above $33,500, and, again, the family may not claim the credit if its income is above $37,500. For families with more than two children, the phase-out is still $2 for every $4 of income above $33,500, but the $37,500 income ceiling is raised by $2,000 for each child after the first two. For example, a family with four children may not claim the credit if its income is more than $41,500.
Parents must meet the abovementioned income restrictions to claim the credit. Also, parents must be tax filers and have proof of eligible expenses.
EdChoice Expert Feedback
Minnesota’s Education Credit is plagued by complexities that make it difficult for the average taxpayer to utilize. A more streamlined program with universal eligibility would greatly enhance this program. Although this credit covers education expenses outside tuition, for both public and private schools, those expenses are usually a fraction of what tuition costs. Purchasing power is very low. This program should boost funding by allowing private school tuition to be counted toward the credit. Moving toward a model more similar to Alabama’s refundable tax credit for educational expenses would be of great benefit to families using this program.
Rules and Regulations
- Income Limit: Conditional
- Prior Year Public School Requirement: None
- Geographic Limit: Statewide
- Enrollment Cap: None
- Individual Credit Cap: $1,000/child
- Testing Mandates: None
- Must ensure filing status is not married filing separate
- May not include private school tuition as an expense
No legal challenges have been filed against the program.
K–12 Education Credit State Groups
That Support School Choice
We don’t yet house any Minnesota-based organizations that are fighting for educational choice opportunities. If you know of one you’d like to submit to our team, please reach out to us at firstname.lastname@example.org.