Pennsylvania - Education Improvement Tax Credit Program

school choice

Pennsylvania – Educational Improvement Tax Credit Program

Pennsylvania – Educational Improvement Tax Credit Program

The Pennsylvania legislature enacted and launched the Educational Improvement Tax Credit Program in 2001. The program offers corporations tax credits for donating to organizations that provide low- and middle-income families private school and prekindergarten scholarships, as well as organizations that support innovative public school programs. Learn more about this program’s funding, eligibility and regulations on this page.

Program Fast Facts

  • 37,725 scholarships awarded (2017–18)

  • 68 percent of families with children income-eligible statewide

  • 258 scholarship organizations awarding scholarships (2017–18)

  • Average scholarship value: $1,816 (2017–18)

  • Value as a percentage of public school per-student spending: 11 percent

Program Details

Pennsylvania’s Educational Improvement Tax Credit Program

Scholarships Awarded
School Year Ending

Click the + symbols to learn more about this program’s details.

Pennsylvania offers tax credits for corporate contributions to the following nonprofit organizations: Scholarship Organizations (SOs), which provide private school scholarships; Educational Improvement Organizations (EIOs), which support innovative programs in public schools; or prekindergarten scholarship organizations (PKSOs).

Student Funding

Each approved organization determines scholarship amounts. Tax credits are worth 75 percent of the contribution; however, a 90 percent credit can be claimed if the corporation commits to two consecutive annual contributions. In either case, the maximum tax credit is $750,000 per company; however, this cap will be lifted from October 1 through November 30 if credits go unclaimed. Credits are awarded to companies on a first-come, first-served basis until the $185 million cap is reached.

Student Eligibility

Children are eligible for scholarships if their household incomes are less than $90,000 plus $15,842 for each child in the family in 2019–20. For example, a family with one child must have an income below $105,842, whereas a family with three children must have an income below $137,526. The figures increase in subsequent years to account for inflation. Students with special needs are eligible for scholarships if they come from families who earn 150 percent of the baseline income level (for example, a family with one child may earn up to $158,765 in 2019–20) or less, and those with the most severe special needs are eligible if they come from families who earn 299 percent of the baseline income level ($316,468 for a one-child family in 2019–20) or less.

EdChoice Expert Feedback

Pennsylvania’s tax-credit scholarship program has considerable room to grow on overall funding. Although lawmakers increased the total credits available by $25 million, it falls short of providing scholarships for all applicants. In 2017, more than half of applicants were rejected due to insufficient funds. However, the income requirements in the program are among the most generous of the means-tested school choice programs and are appropriately higher for students with special needs based on their particular types of special needs. As for scholarship funding, the program gives SOs the opportunity to determine scholarship mounts. Unfortunately, that is mitigated by the cap on overall funding, which tends to incentivize SOs to give smaller scholarships. The program fares well on school regulations. There are no unnecessary testing or admissions requirements, and all private schools can qualify as long as they satisfy the state’s mandatory attendance requirements and obey the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Pennsylvania’s program should increase the overall cap on tax credits, which would allow scholarship sizes and student participation numbers to grow.

Rules and Regulations

  • Income Limit: $90,000 + $15,842 per child
  • Prior Year Public School Requirement: None
  • Geographic Limit: Statewide
  • Enrollment Cap: None
  • Scholarship Cap: Full tuition
  • Testing Mandates: None
  • Credit Value: 75 percent / 90 percent
  • Total Credit Cap: Yes
  • Budget Cap: $185 million in total ($135 million for K–12 scholarships and $12.5 million for prekindergarten scholarships)


SO Requirements:

  • Use at least 80 percent of contributions for scholarships
  • Make scholarships available for more than one school
  • Submit an annual report detailing donations received and scholarships awarded and proof of a financial review by a certified public accountant
  • Verify applicants’ income information

Governing Statutes

24 Pa. Const. Stat. §§ 20-2001-B through 2013-B

Legal History

No legal challenges have been filed against the program.

Questions about Educational Choice?

Choose your path.

Receive Educational Choice Updates Straight to Your Inbox.

Email Newsletter Signup

Follow Our Progress.

Receive Educational Choice Updates Straight to Your Inbox.

Email Newsletter Signup Engage

Privacy Policy